History of Heart Rate Monitors

Heart Rate monitors are devices that allow the user to gain a real time measurement of their heart beat. They consist of a transmitter in the form of a chest strap and a receiver, usually worn on the wrist and doubling as a watch.

The chest strap transmitter measures the number of times the users heart beats per minutes by monitoring voltages across the heart through electrodes which are in contact with the skin. As a heart beat is detected the transmitter sends a radio signal to the receiver which is used to determine the rate at which the heart beats. In higher end models this signal is coded in order to prevent “Cross Talk” between nearby monitors.

The first wireless EKG Heart rate monitor was invented in 1977 by Polar Electro. It was invented as a training aid for the Finnish National Cross Country Ski team. The concept of ‘intensity training’ infiltrated through the athletic world in the eighties and in 1983 the first wireless heart monitor was introduced. The portable Polar PE 2000 consisted of a transmitter and a receiver. The transmitter was attached to the chest by either disposable electrodes or an elastic electrode belt, whilst the receiver was a monitor worn as a watch on the wrist. By the 1990s individuals were not only looking at heart rate monitors for performance training needs, but also for their individual everyday fitness requirements.

The wireless Polar heart rate monitoring method was developed at the University of Oulu’s department of electronics, and was originally aimed at coaches and sportsmen to help raise the quality and efficiency of their training. Exercise scientists also used them in their work after researching them.

The selection of monitors available today includes easy-to-use products for everyone with a keen interest in their physical health. There are also a wide number of receiver designs that have many different advanced features. These include, average heart rate over exercise period, time in a specific heart rate zone, calories burned during exercise period, along with detailed logging that can be downloaded to a computer.

In December 2005, Textronics Inc. introduced the first garment with integrated heart sensors in the form of a sports bra. Special materials in the sports bra sense the number of beats of the heart from the body and transmit it to a wrist receiver. The garment provides a comfortable alternative to the chest strap.

Modern receiver designs are wide ranging and can perform many advanced functions including average rate, calories burned & stride length. The data can then be logged by downloading it onto a computer.

Top 3 Health Benefits of Fitness and Weight Training

Summer is right around the corner, now is the time to start getting into shape. Everyone wants to look good and with the skimpy clothes of summer, not to mention bathing suits, it really takes on more importance. But being healthy is also extremely important, and even though you may workout to look good, you will still be getting all the health benefits of fitness and weight training. Here are the top 3 benefits of fitness and weight training.

The first health benefit of fitness and weight training is…losing weight. Many of todays deadliest diseases such as: heart disease, diabetes, stroke, can be linked, either directly or indirectly, to obesity. So if you lose weight you can potentially lower your cholesterol and hopefully prevent some of these diseases from attacking you.

The second health benefit to fitness and weight training is lowering the stress on your body. Your body wasn’t designed to carry around all that extra weight. Not only is it hard on your heart it is also a real stress on your joints, especially your knees, which will only get worse over time. A good fitness and weight training routine will help in two ways: it will enable you to lose weight thus freeing up a lot of joint stress and it will actually help strengthen the muscles around your knees making it easier for your knees to help support you.

When your connective tissues are strong and not so prone to injury you can keep active much later in life which can again help ward off many potentially life threatening diseases. If you can remain active and keep the aches and pains at bay, you’ve just taken a great step forward in a longer, healthier, happier life. That’s definitely worth a trip to the gym!

The third benefit to fitness and weight training is that as you build muscle you are also ‘ramping up’ your metabolism. That means that no matter what activities you are doing your metabolism is working more effectively. So even if you’re on the couch watching t.v. your metabolism is burning calories at a greater rate than it would be if you had less lean muscle mass. Now, there’s no need to worry, I’m not talking about ‘bulking up’ that’s not necessary. Just a nice toned body will help keep your metabolism boosted all day every day.

You’ve probably heard people say that muscle burns more calories than fat. So if you do a consistent fitness and weight training routine, build up a nice muscle tone, you’ve helped your body work more efficiently, you’ll also look hot too!

So, there you have it. The three main benefits of fitness and weight training. All you need to do is add a little activity everyday and build up gradually. And remember, before you start any exercise program you should always see your doctor first to make sure you are healthy enough. Your doctor can also give you some tips on nutrition issues as well. Good luck on your fitness and weight loss goals!

100 Calorie Recipes and 100 Calorie Meals From The 100 Calorie Diet

Hi 100 calorie and The 100 Calorie Diet fans!  I think it’s a good day for 100 calorie recipes and 100 calorie meals.  OMG!  How can you possibly have a 100 calorie meal?  Susie says, “EASY!”  You build your meal around FREE foods from The 100 Calorie Food Counter.  FREE foods are those foods that are so low in calories and/or high in fiber that you can eat these foods all day long and still lose weight.  So without further ado, let’s get it started!

100 Calorie Recipes

Bangin’ Brushetta

4-6 Garlic Cloves, Chopped – FREE

1 Tablespoon Onion, Chopped – FREE

1 Tablespoon Olive Oil – 100

4-6 Tomatoes, Diced – FREE

Fresh Basil To Taste – FREE

Fresh Parsley To Taste – FREE

Fresh Rosemary To Taste – FREE

Salt and Pepper To Taste – FREE

¼ Cup Parmesan Cheese, Grated – 100

12 Slices of Baguette, 1 ½ oz. Each, Toasted – 1200

Saute garlic and onion in olive oil for 2 minutes.  Set aside to cool.  In a medium bowl, place tomatoes, spices and cheese.  Add cooled garlic and onions.  Mix well.  Top baguette slices with mixture.  Serve immediately.

Makes twelve 100 calorie servings.

“Down Town” Manhattan Clam Chowder

1 Slice Bacon (1/2 oz. Uncooked) – 100

1 Large Onion, Chopped – FREE

3–5 Garlic Cloves, Minced – FREE

1 Green Bell Pepper, Chopped – FREE

1 Carrot, Chopped – FREE

2 Celery Stalks, Chopped – FREE

24 oz. Clam Juice – FREE

12 oz. Baby Clams, Canned With Juice, Chopped – 300

14 1/2 oz. Can of Italian Style Diced Tomatoes – FREE

4 Bay Leaves – FREE

1 Teaspoon Dried Thyme – FREE

1/4 Cup Fresh Parsley, Chopped – FREE

1/4 Cup Green Onion, Chopped – FREE

1/8 Teaspoon Thyme – FREE

Salt and Pepper To Taste – FREE

In a large soup pot, cook bacon over medium heat until very crisp.  Add onion and garlic, cook, stirring until tender.  Next add green pepper, carrot, celery and cook for about one minute.  Add clam juice, baby clams (with juice), tomatoes, bay leaves and thyme.  Boil for 1 minute.  Reduce heat to medium and simmer for 30 minutes.  Remove the bay leaves.  Lastly stir in remaining ingredients.

Makes four 100 calorie servings.

Quick and Easy Spinach

1 Can of Spinach, Drained Well – FREE

Garlic Powder To Taste – FREE

1 oz. of Your Favorite Cheese, Shredded – 100

Preheat oven to 350 degrees.  Place drained spinach in a small casserole dish, sprinkle with garlic powder.  Top with cheese.  Bake for 30 minutes.

Makes one large 100 calorie serving.

Variation:  Use canned asparagus instead of spinach.

For a Cool 100 Calorie Meal, Try My FREE Soup and 100 Calorie Salad!

Simple Japanese Onion Soup

1 Celery Stalk, Chopped – FREE

1 Small Onion, Chopped – FREE

1 Carrot, Chopped – FREE

1 Teaspoon Fresh Ginger Root, Grated – FREE

1/4 Teaspoon Fresh Garlic, Minced – FREE

2 Tablespoons Chicken Stock – FREE

3 Teaspoons Beef Bouillon Granules – FREE

2 Cups Fresh Mushrooms, Thinly Sliced (Shiitake or White Button) – FREE

2 Quarts Water – FREE

4 Tablespoons Fresh Chives, Chopped – FREE

 In a large stockpot, place celery, onion, carrot, ginger, garlic, and one cup of the mushrooms.  Next add chicken stock, beef bouillon and water.  Bring to a rolling boil.  Cover pot and reduce to medium low heat.  Cook for 1 hour.  Place the remaining mushrooms (1 cup) into a separate pot.  Place a strainer over this pot.  Pour your boiled mixture into this pot letting just the liquid come through.  Discard the strained vegetables.  Divide soup into four Asian type bowls and sprinkle the fresh chives on top.  Serve immediately with Asian type soup spoons.

Makes 4 FREE servings.

Japanese Steakhouse Salad

4 Cups Iceburg Lettuce, Chopped – FREE

1 Large Carrot, Shredded – FREE

1/2 Cup Purple Cabbage, Shredded – FREE


1/4 Medium Onion, Minced – FREE

2 Tablespoons Peanut Oil – 200

2 Tablespoons Rice Wine Vinegar – FREE

2 Teaspoons Water – FREE

1 Tablespoon Fresh Ginger Root, Minced – FREE

2 Teaspoons Catsup – FREE

1/2 Teaspoon Sugar – FREE

1/4 Cup Soy Sauce – FREE

1 Tablespoon Lemon Juice – FREE

1-2 Garlic Cloves, Minced – FREE

Salt and Pepper To Taste – FREE

Place lettuce in a medium bowl, top with carrot and cabbage.  Place all salad dressing ingredients into a blender.  Blend on high for 30 seconds.  Pour dressing on top of salad.  Serve immediately.

Makes two 100 calorie servings.

Susie Trimble and her sister, Tammy Trimble, developed and co-wrote The 100 Calorie Diet and Food Counter for people who love to eat. It’s easy! Eat anything you want in 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500+ and still lose weight.  She has a degree from Canyon College in Health and Nutrition and is also a Certified Personal Fitness Chef.  Susie has lost over 100 lbs. on The 100 Calorie Diet and has learned to finally stop dieting and start living the 100 calorie way.  She loves to cook delicious food and create new and exciting recipes.  Visit her at http://www.The100CalorieDiet.com  

Creating a Healthy Life Expectancy

In general healthy life expectancy has increased due to several factors of out lifestyle. During the span of the 20th century, average life expectancy jumped from around 49 years of age in 1901 up to 77 years by the century’s end.

The center for Disease Control and Prevention gives the following as the big reasons for our increased healthy life expectancy:


Improvements in motor-vehicle safety

Workplace Safety

Better infectious diseases control

Decline in deaths from coronary heart disease and stroke

Safer and healthier foods

Healthier mothers and babies

Family planning

Fluoridation of drinking water

Recognition of tobacco use as a health hazard

Another factor contributing to the increase of average life span has been the drastic reduction in infant mortality rate.

The biggest piece of the life expectancy puzzle missing from their list is the ability to remain free from illness and disease. Modern medicine has become very involved with developing methods to mask symptoms and thus prolong our ability to live with a condition, which has contributed some to increased longevity. However, the person still has the root cause of the illness or disease. And most of the time there are side affects of the treatment the patient must live with, stated as a lesser suffering than the original symptom. The question becomes, is their quality of life actually improved when new symptoms from the treatment are then needed to be treated, it’s more like the symptoms are just transfered and altered but not eliminated. This is because the cause has not been altered.

Remaining healthy is the greatest quality of life and anti-aging strategy that can even increase your healthy life expectancy. Imagine if you were healthy enough not to get seriously sick you would not need to get involved with taking drugs and medicines that many times cause more additional unwanted symptoms that the initial ones. And once on these drugs you are likely never off of them because they don’t actually alter anything that supports the real cause. Doesn’t it make you wonder why our huge medical resources are not applied to stopping or preventing the cause?

There is a school of thought that focuses on the root cause and questions why disease has been allowed to take hold in the body at all. If the body’s immune system is functioning properly, disease should not occur. It is thought that the only way for a disease to take hold is for the body to be in some sort of state that is less than optimal or as it should be. Standard medical therapies such as drugs, surgery, and chemotherapy help mask and even diminish the symptoms but the causative condition is really still there. A surgeon can remove a tumor, but the reason the tumor grew in the first place is not addressed. Through this medical process we have been led to believe that treating an illness or disease is a complicated process that takes time and of course lots of money. But what is usually going on is the masking of symptoms rather than a cure, nor restoration to a state of wellness.

In order to look at enhancing prevention of illness and disease we must change our focus from treating to wellness. Treatment is done after something has happened, wellness keeps it from happening. Actually focusing on wellness can also better serve curing or healing what has occurred better than treating the symptoms because it aims to restore the core cause to a desired healthy state rather than just masking symptoms.

Studies have shown that the problem is at the cellular level where the bodies cells are designed to perform many functions, as long as they are healthy. Two things happen which both work against you. Disease can only thrive in the kind an internal environment that is also not good for your cells. So, your body is in a weakened state and the disease is thriving. Plus, your immune system is weaker too and less able to fight off the disease. When in this condition it is very common for multiple problems to exist at the same time making the immune system choose what to focus it’s reduced abilities on.

While all the areas of life expectancy improvement listed above are important the greatest factor knocking us down is still our general health. If your body is truly healthy and able to do it’s job, it would not be normal to be taking medicine every day, rather an exception. And many would not spend years living with a restricted lifestyle because of debilitating ailments. Doing all you can to enhance your overall wellness is key to quality of life and longevity.

Healthy Diet in The Office

Everybody would agree that sitting all day in the office, stressing out over your duties, responsibilities, or issues you face at work, would not help you lose any weight. The truth is that this way of life will make you gain even more than you think. Office stress is a big obstacle for a strict diet and healthy life. A good healthy diet is very essential for every person and especially for people who sit all day in front of the computer and do not move.

The harmful eating habits of your colleagues are very often transferred to you. Watching a coworker eating a whole cheeseburger, a big pack of chips, a croissant, or some kind of sweets will make want to eat the same thing. I hope you realize how unhealthy this type of food is? Usually it is almost impossible to eat healthy when we have all this “bad” types of foods in front of our eyes. The question is, how to establish good eating habits while in the office? How to make our diet feasible?

Office Diet Tips

Tip # 1 – Drink a lot of water every day It is highly recommended that you always have a big bottle or even two bottles of water with you. Dehydration slows the metabolism, speeds up aging, increase the time period that muscles need to recover after exercising, and reduce resistance to disease. Without drinking enough water you will not be able to adapt any healthy eating habits and therefore will not lose any weight.

Tip # 2 – Eat fish on a regular basis In order to activate your brain activity and to reinforce your nervous system, you need to eat fish at least 3 times a week. Fish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. You can bring a tuna or a salmon sandwich to work with you every day. However, do not forget to wash your teeth afterwards so that you get rid of the bad breath.

Tip # 3 – Watch closely what you eat at your office parties. In order to be a part of the team you should try to not miss any of your colleagues’ birthdays or other special occasions. However, during these celebrations try to not be that most active consumer at the table. A glass of alcohol and a few bites of the various food offered is enough so that your colleagues notice that you are there. Remember, you are not there to overeat but to share these special moments with your colleagues.

Tip # 4 – Try to eat at least 5 times a day in small portions. In order to be more productive at work and in general in your life, you should eat 5 times per day in small portions. You need to eat a lot of fruits and vegetables because they will provide you with the necessary amount of vitamins, fiber, and bioflavonoids. But remember that your task is not to turn your desk into a grocery store, but to have some healthy food to snack during your work day.

Office Diet Menu

Breakfast (between 6 and 9 am at home): 1 slice of wheat bread with cottage cheese, and a cup of coffee or tea without any sugar.

A snack (between 10 and 11 am in the office): 1 fruit of your own choice or a fruit cup.

Lunch (between 12 and 2 pm): You can choose between 2 menus for your lunch. The first one includes 300 g salmon (or any other kind of fish you like) together with green salad with light dressing or no dressing at all. The second menu is a tuna sandwich (whole or wheat bread), and a salad. You can choose either one but it is important that you incorporate fish in your menu. If you really dislike fish you can substitute it with chicken breast.

Afternoon snack (between 3 and 6 pm): For an afternoon snack I recommend that you have a little bag of baby carrots or any other vegetables that you like. You could also have a hand full of nuts if you would like.

Dinner (between 7 and 8 pm at home): Cooked vegetables or green salad with grilled chicken. An hour or so before you go to bed you can also have a glass of low fat (skim) milk.

Follow this diet for at least 2 weeks. This will not only help you lose 2-3 kilograms (5-6 pounds), but it will also make your entire body healthier.

Bone Healing with Laser Therapy Treatments

Low-level laser therapy is a painless and noninvasive treatment which uses a laser device that is cleared for the general market by FDA regulations.  This device puts out a low intensity phonic energy that works at the cell and tissue levels to reduce pain and swelling, and promote healing.  

Among many other purposes, low-level laser therapy can promote bones healing and also reduce pain and swelling associated with bone injury.  Basically, the low-level laser initiates the bone cells activity and the energy enhances cell regeneration.  Cell regeneration, then, increase blood flow and decrease inflammation.  

The procedure is very simple and painless.  Basically, the low-level laser device is either held in place or gently moved it around the injured area for a certain length of time specified by your doctor.  Initially, a physical will administer the treatment to go over the procedure and answer all your questions regarding your injury and recovery.  Once he reviews the low-level laser treatment procedures with you, you will perform the treatment from home on your own.  Your recovery period will depend on the extent of your injury.  However, most people notice a relief in pain and swelling almost immediately.  And according to many personal accounts and research, low-level laser therapy has been known to speed up the healing of broken or fractured bone/s two times faster than without the use of low-level laser therapy.

Though low-level therapy is still in the experimental stages, there has been significant healing and pain relieving results seen from who have chosen this treatment.  Those that could benefit from the healing and pain relieving capability of low-level laser therapy for bone related issues are:

•    Those with broken or fractures bones
•    Those who recently had orthopedic surgery
•    Those suffering from bone issues, such as those dealing with arthritis pain
•    Those in any industry that deals with bone injury, such as in sports medicine and physical therapy

Low-level laser therapy and percussor treatment is not used by every doctor.  In fact, there are many who do not yet know of the benefits of using low-level laser therapy.  Therefore, if you think you could benefit from this therapy, you should research a doctor in your area who specializes in low-level laser therapy.

Marketing a Fitness Studio – Personal Training Consistency

Marketing a fitness studio is no easy task for the busy personal training professional. Time = money, however it is very important to find the time to put an effective marketing campaign in place. It is only with these systems in place that any successful personal trainer is able to grow their business. You do not have to be a fitness professional to own a studio, but you do need them to teach the classes available.

Online generic marketing plans are freely available, they work, but they have to be followed through. Marketing needs have to be consistently taken care of in order to generate new business and attract new clients. Finding the time to do this can be a test, but it is still necessary to undertake.

Turn-key solutions are also available for anyone who wants to develop a marketing campaign for their fitness studio. These will assist you to develop budgets and draw up and effective marketing plan. Funds from operations have to be allocated to marketing for the costs involved, and researching the market is just as essential as getting your advertising out into the marketplace. Research is the only way to inform your self of changing market trends and these have a huge impact in any industry.

The location of your studio, as well as the services it offers are both very important to the kind of clientele you attract. You have to let them know that it is safe and secure to attend classes and that public transport is available if need be. The convenience of a fitness studio is very important to many people.

Pricing is vital and you have to determine a pricing structure that is within industry norms. The best way to go about this is by obtaining the pricing structure of your competitors. Yes, you do have to operate you business at a profit, but you also don’t want to price yourself out of the market, as this is counter-productive. You will also be required to carefully monitor any costs associated with your business. Changing market trends can affect these as well as your bottom line.

You will have to develop a promotional strategy that will effectively promote your business to your target market. It must also obviously fit in with the budget you have allocated for it. Various types of media may be used including advertising in newspapers or on the radio. Go with local radio stations to achieve cost effective marketing goals. Don’t ever point a big gun at a small target. You can also make use of media such as flyers, business cards and printed t-shirts. All your promotional material must bear the location of your fitness studio and the services it offers, as well as pricing.

Finance is often required when you start a business, if you intend to approach a financial institution for assistance, then the strength of your marketing plan will be tested. Based on this plan, a financier will know if you have a strong strategy in place to achieve success. The correct marketing strategy has been known to either make or break a business.

Eating Exciting Healthy Food

Many people complain that healthy foods are boring to eat. Lots of people really want to be able to eat healthy food like broccoli but taste something like chocolate. The foods that are good for us never seem to taste as nice as foods which are unhealthy. Adults find it difficult to eat healthily, so why should children find it any easier? Eating some vegetables instead of potato chips takes some real determination and most kids simply don’t have that kind of determination. Not to mention, a lot of kids simply don’t understand how much more healthy something like a snack of carrots is compared to potato chips. As a parent though you need to behave how you tell them to behave, you can’t tuck into chocolates while you are forcing your kids to eat their veggies if you want them to take you seriously.

If you want to make yourself healthy and lose some weight then you do need to eat up all your greens. Vegetables are high in vitamins and minerals but low in calories and they also contain lots of fiber which will keep your bowels moving properly.

Convincing your children that they should eat broccoli and other vegetables is a real challenge, particularly if you don’t like the taste yourself. To get around this you need to give your taste buds some training. Your taste buds have been spoiled for years and are used to processed foods. They are in love with fat but all of these things are bad for us. Because we eat so many artificial flavoring, things like vegetables are not as tasty as they should be. The truth is that all these healthy foods are packed with natural flavors of their own, but our preference for processed foods has really impacted our ability to taste the natural goodness.

If you start eating the healthy foods and completely stop eating unhealthy stuff then you should see that it’s not really as bad as you thought. Nature does provide some fantastic flavors but these are lost on most of us because of the use of flavorings. If you stick it out for a while then you should be able to understand that the good foods are wonderful, you don’t even need to worry about missing the unhealthy foods because you will forget all about it.

Kids can get involved by helping parents prepare the vegetables so that they can be cooked. Most of the artificial flavors are derived from nature and it’s actually possible to add the flavoring to your veggies. Add onions, garlic, pepper and vinegar to your vegetables so that the vegetables taste of something that you like. If you’re a fan of spicy foods then you can even add some chili pepper to your vegetables for that extra kick. Whatever it is you like to eat you can add it to your vegetables for some extra flavor.

Why not give it a go? You haven’t got anything to lose and you might end up loving vegetables!

Discrimination in the Care sector? : A Level Health and Social Care

We all expect the best care when we go into hospital or when we receive any other kind of social care. However, this is not always the case. This article lays out the possible reasons behind any prejudices one might come across and the effects on the person experiencing them.

Effects of attitudes and prejudices on people who use services

People’s attitudes and beliefs can be discriminating towards different groups of people.  Discrimination can be defined as the negative treatment taken towards or against a person of a certain group which can be on the basis of sex, religion, class, gender, race, marital status, beliefs, disability, and sexual orientation.  This is known as direct discrimination; for example, a female working in a male dominated environment is overlooked for a job promotion because of her gender.

In contrast, indirect discrimination occurs when there are rules, regulations or procedures in place that have a discriminatory effect on certain groups of people. This is a less obvious form of discrimination.  For example, a refuge which is for women fleeing domestic violence may choose to only employ female staff due to the sensitive nature of the work.

Attitudes and prejudices can affect professionals and services users. For example, care workers may be quick to make assumptions about the people they are caring for. It is important in any caring tasks that the views and feelings are considered continuously. That is, the carer should not stereotype people they are working with into one client group. For example, that all older people have difficulties with their memory and assume because they cannot remember, they cannot express their wishes. Similarly, misjudgements should not be made about people because of the way they look. For example, if a person is in a wheelchair, it cannot be assumed that they are unable to participate in sports or that they don’t enjoy playing sports. Stereotyping is harmful when it becomes damaging to the other person. It is important that all care workers who work in health and social care settings do not hold prejudices or negative attitudes.

When someone makes a pre-judgment about another person or group; for example, ‘all boys who wear hoodies are in gangs’. This is making an assumption about boys who wear ‘hoodies’; this is prejudice, that is, they have a personal bias towards something that they have seen or heard. While a prejudice is what someone thinks, such as holding personal beliefs or attitudes to prejudge other groups negatively, discrimination is what a person does; how they treat another person or group unfairly based on their prejudice.

A care worker may not feel valued as an employee if they experience poor working conditions and poor pay. This can have a negative effect on their motivation to work. Lack of motivation can mean that employees do not work at their best ability if they are not feeling valued as a worker. Also, in the working environment difficulties may arise that causes a barrier to treating people well. For example, employees may be influenced by other workers to conform to inappropriate workplace norms. That is, a worker may copy or follow other workers bad practice and think that this is a ‘workplace norm’. For instance, not knocking on a person’s door before entering is not promoting a clients privacy and dignity. Also, completing tasks in the same way other workers do, even if this is bad practice, because of the belief ‘that’s how it has always been done’ where no one questions what is seen as the ‘norm’.

If a worker is pre-occupied with their own needs they may not be able to empathise and be sensitive towards the client’s needs. In addition, if the worker is not equipped with the appropriate training, they may lack skills to complete care tasks appropriately. This may be exacerbated if the worker lacks understanding in what the job entails; poor training and experience may lead people to practice care work poorly. Health and social care workers should have the appropriate knowledge and skills to deal sensitively with the various circumstances in which the patients’ privacy and dignity may be infringed.

For many people, they may take on the role of an informal carer who helps to care for a family member, such as an elderly relative. Caring for somebody is a very rewarding experience, but even in the best circumstances it can be difficult and demanding. For example, a carer may experience mixed of emotions when caring for a relative, such as love for the family member and wanting to help but also feeling very tired and frustrated. This may be exacerbated if the carer is a member of the family and feels they are solely responsible for caring for a relative. The family carer may feel isolated and resentful because nobody appears to understand or offer help. The carer may feel resentful if he or she feels she has had to give up aspects of their own life such as full-time employment to care for a relative. As a carer, they may feel their life is more restricted which brings about feelings of resentment. At the same time, the carer may feel very guilty at having such angry feelings. It can be difficult for the carer to care effectively with these mixed emotions occurring and they may need to ask for advice and support from other family members, friends or services.

This article has been put together by the distance learning organisation Start Learning who are experts in home study.

If you want to find out more about A Level Health and Social Care or many other distance learning courses please browse their website: http://www.start-learning.co.uk